Federal Skilled Trades Class
Federal Skilled Trades Program is for those who have relevant knowledge of and acquired work experience in skilled trades. This program is now managed under Express Entry which is an application intake management system. Potential candidates who wish to immigrate to Canada must first create a profile under Express Entry which is essentially an Expression of Interest (EOI). For more information on Express Entry and the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) please click here.
Criteria to qualify under the Federal Skilled Trades Program
The Federal Skilled Trades program offer potential qualifying applicants who have work experience in a skilled trade to apply for and become a Permanent Resident under this category. This program was developed by the Federal Government in 2013 in order to fulfil the gap in the Canadian workforce in industries which were experiencing exponential growth. The requirements to qualify under the Federal Skilled Trades Program are:
- The potential applicant(s) must intend to reside outside of the Province of Quebec
- Meet or exceed the official language proficiency program requirements
- Possess at least two years of full-time (or equivalent in part-time) work experience in a skilled trade in the past 5 years of the application date
- Meet the requirements of the job in skilled trade as per the National Occupational Classification (NOC) of the main occupation, except for the need of a certificate of qualification
- Have received an offer of full-time employment which is for a period of at least one year OR a certificate of qualification issued by a Canadian Province, Territory or Federal body
The potential applicant(s) who intend to apply for Permanent Residence under this program must have at least 24 months of full-time work experience (or the equivalent in part-time) in a skilled trade in the last 5 years immediately before making an application. A job is considered full-time if the applicant works in a skilled trade job for at least 30 hours in a week or more. An example of full-time work experience is provided below:
Mr. A worked as a drywall finisher (NOC 7284) from May 2016 to June 2018. He worked with employer X in Egypt in this position 30 hours each week. He has now acquired more than 3,120 hours of experience. This work experience has been acquired by Mr. A in the last five years.
Mr. B is employed as a sushi cook (NOC 6322) with Employer Z in Japan. He worked with employer Z in Japan in this position 15 hours each week (considered part-time). Now Mr. B has acquired 3,120 hours of work experience in 48 months and his work experience falls within past five years.
Skilled Work Experience
For the purpose of this program, skilled trades as defined under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) are:
- Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades
- Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades
- Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
- Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
- Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks
- Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers
Please note that the above NOC groups are further subdivided into many occupations and they all fall under NOC skill type B. Potential applicants should have the ability to demonstrate that they performed the duties which are listed in the lead statement of their particular NOC and it would include all the essential duties and most of the listed of the particular NOC.
There is no specific education requirement to qualify under the Federal Skilled Trades Program; however, if a potential applicant wants to improve their CRS score under Express Entry, they may claim points for their acquired educational credentials. For example, if Mr. A who qualifies under this program and he completed a Bachelor of Arts degree in Egypt. In this case Mr. A may choose to get his foreign education assessed by one of the designated organizations authorized to assess foreign educational credentials for the purpose of acceptance by IRCC.
Official Language Proficiency Requirements
Potential applicants who intend to qualify and subsequently submit their profile under Express Entry (EOI) must obtain a minimum score of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 5 in speaking and listening, and CLB level 4 in reading and writing. Potential applicants must provide proof that they have acquired the required language scores in one the approved language tests i.e. IELTS, CELPIP or TEF.
Assessment by Province or Territory
Potential applicants who intend to apply for Permanent Residence under this program and, if they don’t have a valid offer of employment, they must contact the Canadian province where they intend to settle and get assessed for their particular skilled trade. Those who intend to qualify under this program may refer to a Province’s website and check the applicable criteria and requirements which they must meet in order to get a Certificate of Qualification to work in that Province or Territory.
Valid Offer of Employment for Federal Skilled Trades People:
For the purpose of Federal Skilled Trades Program, a valid offer of employment must be:
- Made by up to maximum of two employers
- The job offer should be for paid, continuous and full-time employment (at-least 30 hours a week)
- It should be valid for at least one year
- Should be in a skilled trade i.e. as per the NOC 2016 codes which start with 72, 73, 82, 92 and 632 & 633
It should also meet the following Requirements too
- Should be made by employer(s) who have obtained a new positive LMIA from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) for the job offer and bears the applicant’s name and their job position
- If the applicant is presently working in a skilled trade job and their work permit was issued based on a positive LMIA, and:
- The applicant is currently working for an employer listed on their work permit
- The applicant must be authorized to work in Canada on the day when they make an application for permanent resident visa and when the same is issued to them
- The applicant’s present employer (or employers as the case may be) offered them a full-time job if the applicant is selected as a permanent resident, in a job position which is same as the three digit NOC level of their present job, for at least one year OR
- The applicant is in possession of a work permit which is valid for one of the skilled trade occupation (NOC codes which start with 72, 73, 82, 92 and 632 & 633) and they are exempt from the requirement of LMIA and the Applicant:
- Is presently working with an employer whose name is listed on their work permit
- They have one year of full-time work experience (or equivalent in part-time work) while working with the employer(s) listed on their work permit who is making the job offer and
- They have a valid job offer from that employer for at least one year after permanent resident visa is issued to them